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US-approved eye drops temporarily correct presbyopia

As people age, some people end up getting presbyopia, which is basically a blurry vision: nearby objects are no longer clearly perceived. One eye drop recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) promises to cure this problem temporarily, leaving vision clear for up to six hours. On the last day, the drug officially entered the shelves of North American pharmacies.

The eye drops have an ingredient called pilocarpine, which makes the pupil contract and reduces intraocular pressure. The idea of ​​pharmaceutical AbbVie, responsible for the drug, is to increase the quality of life of 128 million Americans affected by presbyopia.

The FDA approval is based on two scientific studies that tested the effectiveness and safety of drops in 750 participants aged 40 to 55 years. Participants were divided into two groups: the first used eye drops and the second used a placebo. After a month, the researchers compared the reports and found that those who used the drops had a clearer vision, with no side effects.

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What is presbyopia?

Presbyopia is not serious and mainly affects people aged 40 to 45 years. Although it does not cause loss of vision, presbyopia requires attention as a matter of quality of life, as experts explain. The disease has some symptoms, such as:

  • Difficulty focusing on objects that are close by
  • persistent headaches
  • Red eyes
  • dry eyes
  • Photophobia (sensitivity to light)

To diagnose and manage presbyopia, it is essential to see an ophthalmologist. Treatment ranges from resting lenses to corrective surgery.

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